Sand Casting, Investment Casting and Die Casting in China

ASTM A27 / A27M – 03 Standard Specification for Steel Castings..

Abstract

This specification covers carbon steel castings for general applications. The grades of steels covered here are: Grade N-1, Grade N-2, Grade U-60-30 [415-205], Grade 60-30 [415-205], Grade 65-35 [450-240], Grade 70-36 [485-250] and Grade 70-40 [485-275]. Except for Grades N-1 and U-60-30, all steel castings shall be heat-treated by full annealing, normalizing, normalizing and tempering, or quenching and tempering. Heat treatments shall be performed after castings have been allowed to cool. Heat and product analyses shall be performed wherein specimens shall conform to required chemical composition of carbon, manganese, silicon, sulfur and phosphorus. Except for Grades N-1 and N-2, all steels shall undergo tension test, and shall conform to the following mechanical requirements: tensile strength, yield point, elongation, and reduction of area.This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

1. Scope

1.1 This specification covers carbon steel castings for general applications that require up to 70 ksi (485 MPa) minimum tensile strength.

Note 1—The grades covered by this specification represent materials that are suitable for assembly with other steel castings or wrought steel parts by fusion welding. It is not intended to imply that all these grades possess the same degree of weldability or that the same welding techniques can be used on all castings. It is the responsibility of the purchaser to establish for himself a suitable welding technique.

1.2 Several grades and two classes of steel castings are covered, as indicated below. The grade and class desired shall be specified by the purchaser.

1.2.1 Grade N-1Chemical analysis only.

1.2.2 Grade N-2Heat-treated but not mechanically tested.

1.2.3 Grade U-60-30 [415-205]Mechanically tested but not heat-treated.

1.2.4 Grades 60-30 [415-205], 65-35 [450-240], 70-36 [485-250], and 70-40 [485-275]Heat-treated and mechanically tested.

1.2.5 Class 1 and Class 2 steel castings shall be specified in accordance with 9.2.

1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

astm-a27a-27m-03.pdf

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Sand Casting, Investment Casting and Die Casting in China